Malignancies that grow in the brain due to uncontrolled cell development. In the medical world it is more referred to as a brain tumor than a brain cancer.
Types of Brain Tumors
1. Based on the origin of the tumor:
Primary Brain Tumors: the source of malignancy comes from brain cells
Secondary Brain Tumors / metastases: the source of malignancy comes from other body parts
Types of brain tumors
2. Based on its violence:
Benign Tumors: Brain tumors that develop slowly, rarely recur. Example of meningioma
Malignant tumors: brain tumors grow quickly, easily recur even after treatment, and tumors are in vital areas in the brain. Example: Glioma
Symptoms of a brain tumor
Be aware and immediately do a medical examination, if you experience the following symptoms:
Headaches are getting heavier over time
Blurry or double vision
Changes in behavior or memory
Changes in walking and balance
Sleepiness / sleep disturbance
Watch out for brain tumors with BRAIN
Treat if there is headache
Observe for behavior change
Visit a neurologist if the complaint is burdensome
Diagnosis of brain tumors
Special nerve examination with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Machine
For removal of a small portion of brain tissue for examination under a microscope. Biopsy can be done as part of tumor removal surgery
Brain fluid cytology
Treatment of brain tumors
Symptomatic, which is a treatment to deal with complaints arising from brain tumors, such as: headaches, seizures, loss, awareness, or pain in other parts
Curative, i.e. by doing:
Surgery or surgery. Performed by a neurosurgeon. With the aim of reducing the symptoms of tumor urging, knowing the type of tumor, determining treatment and determining life expectancy.
Radiotherapy. Using radiation energy to kill cancer cells and reduce tumor size. This method can be used if surgery (surgery) is considered ineffective.
Given depending on the type of tumor and on certain circumstances. Can be given orally, intravenously or through brain fluid
Palliative Therapy due to tumor complications & treatment, namely therapy to overcome post-treatment complaints and complications due to brain tumors, both physical and psychological with the help of psychiatry.