Brain cancer

BRAIN CANCER

Malignancies that grow in the brain due to uncontrolled cell development. In the medical world it is more referred to as a brain tumor than a brain cancer.

Types of Brain Tumors

1. Based on the origin of the tumor:

  • Primary Brain Tumors: the source of malignancy comes from brain cells
  • Secondary Brain Tumors / metastases: the source of malignancy comes from other body parts
  • Types of brain tumors

 

2. Based on its violence:

  • Benign Tumors: Brain tumors that develop slowly, rarely recur. Example of meningioma
  • Malignant tumors: brain tumors grow quickly, easily recur even after treatment, and tumors are in vital areas in the brain. Example: Glioma

Symptoms of a brain tumor

Be aware and immediately do a medical examination, if you experience the following symptoms:

  • Headaches are getting heavier over time
  • Convulsions
  • Blurry or double vision
  • Changes in behavior or memory
  • Changes in walking and balance
  • Sleepiness / sleep disturbance

Watch out for brain tumors with BRAIN

  • Treat if there is headache
  • Regularly exercise
  • Observe for behavior change
  • Visit a neurologist if the complaint is burdensome

 

Diagnosis of brain tumors

  • Special nerve examination with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Machine
  • For removal of a small portion of brain tissue for examination under a microscope. Biopsy can be done as part of tumor removal surgery
  • Brain fluid cytology

 

Treatment of brain tumors

  • Symptomatic, which is a treatment to deal with complaints arising from brain tumors, such as: headaches, seizures, loss, awareness, or pain in other parts
  • Curative, i.e. by doing:
    • Surgery or surgery. Performed by a neurosurgeon. With the aim of reducing the symptoms of tumor urging, knowing the type of tumor, determining treatment and determining life expectancy.
    • Radiotherapy. Using radiation energy to kill cancer cells and reduce tumor size. This method can be used if surgery (surgery) is considered ineffective.
    • Given depending on the type of tumor and on certain circumstances. Can be given orally, intravenously or through brain fluid
    • Palliative Therapy due to tumor complications & treatment, namely therapy to overcome post-treatment complaints and complications due to brain tumors, both physical and psychological with the help of psychiatry.

 

 

Source:

Brain tumor presentation paper in the Training of Speakers event as a series of WORLD CANCER DAY 2019 organized by KPKN, Ministry of Health RI, RSCM, FKUI
Brain Tumor brochure from the Indonesian Ministry of Health’s KPKN.
http://kanker.kemkes.go.id/guidelines_read.php?id=4&cancer=6 

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